What is the theological meaning of Christ’s final thoughts? That is the aim of Last Words of Christ, which is A Call to Understand those ancient words.

   An answer to that question comes through Mark’s description of the cross in which the morning’s light of day gives way to a darkened afternoon that blankets Jerusalem. While that image – light and darkness – expresses a metaphorical tone, yet when viewed on a biblical scale, ranging from Genesis to Revelation,  a theological look into Jesus’ final thoughts emerges.

   By locating Jesus’ seven utterances  in biblical history—rather than isolating them on Calvary’s cross—they are heard as fulfillments of Old Testament portraits. More so, the wisdom of reading the Bible as inspired literature is affirmed. In traversing this biblical history-to-crucifixion interplay, the epic story of Scripture emerges, revealing the wonder and grandeur of the cross.


   Last Words is written from an educational paradigm. It is intended to be read and discussed collaboratively. While it can be successfully navigated alone, the potential to promote new thinking is best realized through group interaction. 

   To support this objective, a free study guide is available. To receive your group guide, complete the 2-steps below:

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Study Guide to Last Words of Christ

User’s Agreement and License for Study Guide to Last Words of Christ – A Call to Understanding, (ISBN: 978-1-63269-525-3), hereafter noted as The Guide.

   By selecting the acceptance box below, The Requestor agrees to maintain and comply with all copyright rules and procedures when using, working with, or instructing from The Guide. Additionally, The Requestor agrees to charge no fees for such class(es) or instructional offering, and to comply with the license timelines. To wit: permission to use The Guide is limited to a period of 24 weeks, commencing from the date of requisition (acceptance below). During that time, The Requestor is granted permission to copy from, make facsimiles, electronic, print, or other means, and to display such to effect study or use of The Guide. All students who are given copies of the Study Guide, or materials from the Leader’s Guide, during or after a class session ends, are prohibited from distributing said materials to others. Further, The Requestor agrees that all materials contained in the student’s Study Guide, as well as the Leader’s Guide, are limited to the timeline and procedures of this agreement. Specifically, at the end of the 24 weeks period, all means of storage or containment of The Guide (both Leader and Student) will be deleted, destroyed, or rendered null and void. Should the Requestor not complete the course of study as outlined in The Guide, having compiled with the aforementioned termination requirement, the Requestor may reacquire a new set of The Guide. At all times when working with, instructing from, or using The Guide, the Requestor will ensure that all credit for The Guide be acknowledged per copyright rules and procedures on behalf of Watchman Calls, for the author Wallace R. Clausen.

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